Black Rose

This is a timeline representing the history of Hanover, Pennsylvania. It is by no means a complete history and is constantly being updated and added to. Dates are as specific as possible.
The timeline was created by Sarah A. Adler for the Hanover Area Historical Society. Sources include books published by the borough and county as well as the Evening Sun newspaper.
If you know of an event that you believe should be added to the timeline or would like more information about any of the events, please feel free to email Sarah at hanoverhistory@yahoo.com. Any comments, questions, or criticisms are welcome.



1700's
1727
• January 14 - John Digges obtains 10,000 acres from Charles Calvert, fourth Lord Baltimore. Part of this land, called "Digges' Choice," will become Hanover.
1730
• Catholics start the Conewago Settlement in the vicinity of Hanover.
1745
• Richard McAllister settles in the area.
1749
• Michael Tanner [Danner] suggest the name "Hanover" for the new town.
1755
• Richard McAllister entertains Benjamin Franklin, who is on his way to Frederick, MD.
1762
• Mary Ann Furnace was built.
1763
• Richard McAllister officially founds Hanover, Pennsylvania.
1764
• Caspar Reinecker builds his first tavern at 34 Frederick Street.
• George Nace begins the first Hanover tannery.
1765
• Emmanuel Reformed Church constructs its first church.
1772
• Caspar Reinecker opens a larger establishment across the street from his first tavern.
1775
• John Heiser, the first brick maker on record in Hanover, sells his inn to Richard McAllister for 330 pounds.
1776
• Thomas Jefferson passes through town, staying at Caspar Reinecker's tavern.
1778
• Martha Washington spends a night in Hanover on her way back from Valley Forge.
1783
• Thomas Jefferson passes through town for the second time, this time with his daughter and a servant, staying the night at the same tavern as his first visit. By this time, the tavern is known as The Sign of the Horse and is run by Alexander Forsythe.
1781
• Jacob Shorb begins the first wire mill.
1787
• Conewago Chapel is erected.
1791
July 2 - George Washington eats breakfast at The Sign of the Horse, the tavern run by Alexander Forsythe.
1795
• Richard McAllister, founder of the town, dies.
1797
April - W.D. Lepper and E. Stettinius establish the Pennsylvania Wochinscrift, Hanover's first newspaper.


1800's
1805
• Clockmaker/later congressional representative Jacob Hostetter establishes a brass foundry to cast parts for tall case clock works.
• April 4 - Daniel P. Lange and J.P. Stark issue the Hanover Gazette, another German language newspaper.
1810
• Hanover holds its first Methodist Episcopal service.
1814
August 28 - Two infantry companies leave Hanover for Baltimore and will take part in the Battle of North Point fifteen days later.
1815
• Farmer’s Market House replaces the Maypole in Center Square.
• Hanover Borough is incorporated.
1816
• Hanover's first volunteer fire fighting organization is formed.
1818
August - Rev. Jacob H. Wiestling issues the Guardian, Hanover's first English language paper.
1821
• St. Matthew's Lutheran Church organizes the first Sunday school in the community.
1824
• Joseph Schmuck and Dr. Peter Mueller begin publishing the Intelligenceblatt.
1825
• Philip Wolf establishes a glove factory. It will later become the Hanover Glove Company.
• Seth Forrest establishes a school on Frederick Street.
1828
• Samuel Martin and Frederick Borgen each open a school.
1835
• George Frysinger starts the Herald, an English language paper.
• The Hanover Saving Fund Society is established.
1836
• Free public schooling begins in Hanover.
1844
• George Van de Linde founds a school.
1851
• Peter S. Alwine begins burning brick on his farm.
• James Buchanan delivers a speech in Hanover, supporting Franklin Pierce for president.
1852
• Train service to York and Baltimore departs from depot in the Hanover Commons.
1854
• Hanover Borough Council passes an ordinance that the Hanover Square will now be called the Diamond. The ordinance is basically ignored.
1858
• Railroad lines are extended to Gettysburg.
1862
• General John E. Wool brings a division of troops to Hanover, but they leave after two days and head back to Baltimore.
1863
June 30 - The Battle of Hanover takes place when General J.E.B. Stuart’s Confederate cavalry attacks a Federal cavalry regiment.
• November 18 - Lincoln stops in Hanover on his way to Gettysburg for the dedication of the Soldiers National Cemetery.
• St. Mark's Lutheran Church is organized, becoming the first English-speaking Lutheran church in Hanover.
1864
• Famous Pennsylvania war governor, Andrew Curtin, delivers a speech in Hanover in efforts to reelect Lincoln.
• The Gazette newspaper discontinues its publication.
1868
• U.S. Grant, on his way to Gettysburg to campaign for the presidency, stops briefly in Hanover due to his train's engine trouble.
1869
• The first YMCA of Hanover is organized.
1872
• Cyrus Diller uses a team of horses to pull the Farmer's Market House flat. An elaborate fountain is put in its place.
1877
• St. Joseph's Catholic Church is erected.
1879
November 29 – Etzler and Young's grain warehouse collapses.
1881
• The borough purchases the Hanover Steam Fire Engine for $4,400.
• The Hanover Creamery opens.
• The Mennonite church is built.
1882
February 22 – The fire company tests its Silsby Steam Engine.
1886
May 3 – Grover Cleveland's train stopoped briefly in Hanover.
1887
• The borough limits are extended by 303 acres.
1889
• Hanover Branch Engine No. 3, the train that carried Lincoln to Gettysburg in 1863, is cut up for scrap.
1890
• St. Paul's Lutheran is organized.
1891
• The Hanover Street School is erected.
1893
• The borough limits are extended by 93 more acres.
• Regular high school graduations begin.
1898
• A crippling snowstorm hits Hanover.
1899
• Downtown Hanover’s Heisler Shoe Company becomes Sheppard & Myers Shoe Company (also known as Hanover Shoe).
• The Church of the Brethren is formed.


1900's
1900
August 12 – A fire engulfs several blocks in downtown Hanover.
• Eichelberger High School is erected.
1902
• The United Evangelical Church is built.
1904
• Hanover Printing Company is incorporated.
1905
• "The Picket" statue is unveiled in the center of the Square.
• St. Vincent's Memorial Church is established.
1906
• Grace Reformed congregation is organized.
1909
• Harry V. Warehime founds Snyder's of Hanover.
• On his way to make a Memorial Day address at Gettysburg, President Taft arrived by train in Hanover and is reputed to have stayed overnight at the house that still stands at 100 Eichelberger Street.
1910
• The present YMCA organization is effected.
1911
• The Hanover Public Library opens.
1913
• The U.S. Post Office in Hanover is completed.
• The American Machine and Foundry catches fire for the second time and is nearly leveled.
1915
• Hanover celebrates its centennial.
• A tornado rips through downtown Hanover.
• February 8 – The Sun Publishing Company begins the Evening Sun.
1920
• Lancers Drum and Bugle Corps, a 100+ member marching band, is founded.
1921
• UTZ Quality Foods, Inc. is established.
1923
• Nicholas E. Mavros opens Hanover's first fast food restaurant. It will later become known as the Famous Hot Weiner.
1924
• A tree used by General Custer to tie his horse and later used in ceremonies for Civil War veterans is removed and a marker is placed in its spot.
• Hanover Foods Corporation is begun.
1926
• Hanover General Hospital opens.
1934
• Elsner Engineering Works founded by Franz and Johanna Elsner, German immigrants.
1946
September 2 – Hanover throws a Welcome Home party for soldiers returning home from World War II.
• The Lincoln Marker on Railroad Street is dedicated.
1948
• Capital Bakery opens a plant in Hanover.
1959
• South Western High School opens.
1960
• The last of the Hanover cigar manufacturers closes.
1965
• The Hanover Area Historical Society is begun.
1966
December – The Codorus Creek is dammed and the community of Marburg is flooded to create Lake Marburg (Codorus State Park).
1967
• "The Picket" statue is moved to the north corner of the Square.
1969
August 5 — While at Camp David, President Nixon took a drive with his friend Charles "Bebe" Rebozo. They stopped for coffee at the Blue White Grill on Carlisle Street and bought Russell Stover candy at Staub's Drug Store on Center Square.
1971
• Forest Park is demolished to make room for the South Hanover Shopping Center.
1981
• Link's Music is established in downtown Hanover.
1995
• The Hanover Symphony Orchestra is established.
1999
• B.C. Schuchart, Inc. is sold to Shipley Oil.


2000's